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Learn To Say 25 Parts Of Our Body In Korean

As a Korean learner, do you remember what your first words are? Or probably, do you have a book that teaches us some parts of our body in Korean? Such as how to say "Head" in the Korean language, or how do we say "Nose" in Korean and something like that.

For me, my first words in Korean that I learned for the first time are Thank you, Please, Yes, No, How are you, Okay, Hello, and Goodbye. So, how many words exactly what I have learned?

1... 2... 3... 4... 5... Ah~ Many words, right?

In the previous subjects, we learned that there are many ways to greet someone, such as Hi and See you. If you want to refresh your memory about how to say "Good morning" in Korean, please read the article, titled "How to say Hello In Korean", then you will find the difference between say Hello to someone who is older or has a higher status than us, and to someone who is younger than us.

Shortly, there is a difference between Annyeonghaseyo (안녕하세요) and Annyeong (안녕). But, today we will not talk about this, right? Because our subject today is describing our 25 body parts in Korean. And this will be our first words in the Korean language.


Anyway, my name is Ruby Han. I am learning Korean, currently. I want to be your partner in studying the Korean language, although my English skill is bad. But don't worry, both my Korean and English language will be improved as the time goes by. Now, you are reading my notes in Memrise Student's Blog.


Head (머리)

Alright, friends! We will start from our head (우리 머리). "우리 머리" can be read as "uri meori" or "uli meoli". Commonly, in our head, there are brain, hair, eyes, nose, lips, ears, teeth, tongue, eyelashes, eyebrows, forehead, and chin. Am I missing something important?

For your information, "Head" in Korean is 머리. Do you know how to read 머리? We can romanize the hangeul of 머리 as "meori" or "meoli". Now, let's back to the topic.


Brain (뇌)

As we know that brain is related to the intellectual capacity of someone. Inside a brain, we have got cerebrum, the body of the fornix, septum pellucidum, optic chiasm, pituitary gland, pons, pineal gland, medulla oblongata, cerebellum, dan corpus callosum. Each of them has its own function.

Anyway, how do we say "Brain" in Korean? Through some dictionary, I found that in the Korean language, "Brain" has many translations. Because of we mention "Brain" as something that inside our head, which is a part of human body, or animal body, then 뇌 (noe) is the best translation for "Brain".

How to say Brain (otak) in Korean?

But, if we mention "Brain" as a food, then 골 (gol) is the correct translation for this word. And it will be different if we want to use Brain that is related to a memory or an intelligent of someone, then we can use 머리 (mori) or 지능 (jineung).


Hair (머리)

As we see, 머리 has many translations. It can be interpreted as a head, a person's intelligence, and hair. But, sometimes, 머리 can be translated as a leader or the head of a group also. It seems like this word can be used in many situations.

How to say Hair in the Korean language?


Even though it is very rare, but 머리 has some synonyms, they are 머리카락 (morikalag), 머리털 (moriteol), and 두통 (dutong). Then, what is the best translation for Hair? "Hair" in Korean is 머리 also. The question is, how do we know which of the three objects are referring to the topic of conversation? The answer is by understanding the situation and listen to the sentence completely.


Ear, teeth, tongue (귀, 치아, 혀)

Alright! Based on the subheading, then we can learn to say Ear in Korean as 귀 (gwi). Then, we can say Teeth in Korean as 치아 (chia). And the last is 혀 (hyo) that we can translate it into English as tongue. Actually, it would be very easy to remember if we can learn by seeing the picture. Let's try to repeat it again:

  • Ear is 귀 (gwi)
  • Teeth is 치아 (chia)
  • Tongue is 혀 (hyo)



Eyes, Nose, Lips (눈, 코, 입)

For a moment, these parts of our body remind me of the song titled Eyes, Nose, Lips (눈, 코, 입) from Taeyang. Eyes in Korean is 눈, then Nose in the Korean language is 코, and the last but not least is Lips (입). We can read 눈, 코, 입 as "nun, kho, ib".

How to say Nose in Korean?

Actually, I don't want to provide the section of 눈, 코, 입 with a picture only, because I guess, it would be better for us to learn from the song of Taeyang, so we can learn the pronunciation. So, please check this out, 눈, 코, 입 or Eyes, Nose, Lips from Taeyang.




Neck (목)

Before we go down to our body, it would be better for us not to forget our neck. Right? Because without it, I am not sure that we can nod and shake our head. Included turn up to 180 degrees. As you see on the heading, "Neck" in Korean is "목", we can read it as "mok" or "mog".



Body (몸, 신체)

Anyway, we have two words to describe a body in Korean. The first is 몸, and the second is 신체. The question is, "what is the difference between 몸 and 신체?" Since I am an Indonesian people, I am not sure, how to explain it in English. In my language, Bahasa Indonesia, it is similar with the difference between "tubuh" and "badan".

Actually, they are almost same, but the function between "tubuh and badan" or "몸 and 신체" is different. We can say that 몸 means "badan" which is more generals so we can use it on many topics, and 신체 means "tubuh" which is related to a medical definition. As you know, English is very simple. Whatever you called, 몸 and 신체 mean "Body".

So, now, we have shoulders, hands, arms, wrists, fingers, palms, chest, back, waist, stomach, feet, knees, right foot, and left foot.


Shoulders, hands, arms (어깨, 손, 팔)

What is the difference between hands and arms? Literally, hands are from fingers to shoulders. And we usually say right hand and left hand in our daily conversations to express every thing. For example, "I am a right-handed", or "she pressed the button by using her left hand".

Probably, somebody will say "she pressed the button with her middle finger", but sometimes nobody care which finger that somebody used, we will more pay attention to the hands that he/she used. Right hand, or left hand?

And, arms are from wrists to shoulders, so fingers and palms are excluded. Please take a look at the picture below, I will show you what the difference between arms and hands is.

what is Hands in Korean?

According to the picture above, we learned that "Hand" in Korean is 손. And "Arm" in Korean 팔. Do you know how to read 손 and 팔? The hangeul romanization of 손 is "son", and for 팔 is "pal". Then, how about "Shoulder"? How do we say "Shoulder" in the Korean language?

If we look back to the subheading then we will notice that "Shoulder" in Korean is 어깨 (eokkae). But, it is similar to a brain that has many translations. But, overall, Shoulder is interpreted as 어깨.


Wrist (손목)

Wrist in Indonesian means "pergelangan tangan". Since I am unable to give you a description about a wrist which is related to a medical topic, then please read "Structures of The Wrist Joint" for the best explanation. In Korean, Wrist has two meanings, they are 손목 (sonmok) and 팔목 (palmok). Are you able to notice the difference between 손목 (sonmok) and 팔목 (palmok)?

How to say Wrist in Korean?

I am trying to raise this question in the Korean language communities such as www.hinative.com. The majority, they gave me a constant translation for 손목 and 팔목. That is Wrist. But, commonly, they are using 손목 as the best interpreter of Wrist in Korean. Then, how about 팔목?

팔목 is used when the object that we mention is around our wrist to elbow. Nevertheless, based on the National Institute of Korean Language's Korean-English Learner's Dictionary, 팔목 is the lower part of arms that has a function for connecting our hand with our forearm. While 손목 is the synonym of 팔목. I am sorry, I need more time to find out regarding 손목 and 팔목.

What is the difference between 손목 and 팔목?


Finger, palm (손가락, 손바닥)

As I told you before, that arms, wrists, fingers, and palms are the parts of our hands. That is why "Finger" in Korean is 손가락, and 손바닥 means "Palms" in the Korean language. Because 손 in 손바닥 and 손가락 are referring to "hands".



Anyway, I will continue writing this article later. So, just check again in a few days later, insyaa Allah. See you! (to be continued)

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